Your rights, duties to another Muslim

6 min


All praise is for Allah the Mighty the Exalted, and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His final Messenger Muhammad Ibn Abdullah and upon his family and companions.

The rights and obligations of Muslims with respect to one another are derived from the love of Allah and that of rosullulah that we share.  That is why the spirit of brotherhood in Islam is stronger than even the family ties.  As thick as family bond, once a family member becomes a deviant religiously or better still professes another religion other than Islam which the rest of the family hold dearly to, there is that tendency that the love between them wane. Naturally, those who practice same religion will interact better and operate on the same spiritual plane than others who hold different spiritual ideals. But that does not mean interaction with brothers of different faith will be closed.  It may not be their fault entirely, it is Allah who gives guidance and whoever is not guided by Allah, no one can bring to the right path.



The focus therefore is not about guidance but about the duties and responsibilities of one Muslim to another. The connection however is basically because Islam endeavours to strenthen ties and relationship between one Muslim and the other. The Prophet said a Muslim is a brother to another. He went further to establish some rights of a Muslim over another. These rights include such things as aid and assistance, affection, generosity, respect, justice, equity and fairness among others.

Muslim faithful from the Ya Lateef Islamic Society sit as they pray into the New Year at Ibafo, Ogun State in southwest of Nigeria on December 31, 2017. Dozens of Muslim faithful of the Ya Lateef Islamic Society concluded forty-days of Muslim fasting to usher members into the new year in Ibafo land, Ogun State in southwest Nigeria ./ AFP

On the authority of Abu Hurairah (r.a) who said that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “The rights of a Muslim over another Muslim are six.” These are: (1) Saying salamun alaikum to him when you meet him.  Indeed sending the salutations of peace is one of the reasons that will bring about love for the sake of Allah which is a cause of true faith (Iman) and could result in the individual gaining paradise, just as the Messenger of Allah stated: “I swear by the One who hands my soul is in! None of you will enter into paradise until you believe and you will not truly believe until you love one another. Shall I not direct you to an action that, if you perform it, will cause you to love one another? Spread the greeting of peace between yourselves.” {collected in Sunan Abu Dawud}

Hijab: Express yourself in style

This greeting is one of the beauties of the religion of Islam and it signifies that when two Muslims meet one another, one of them supplicates for the other to be protected from every evil and for him to be showered with mercy and for him to be blessed with every form of good. And he should follow this up with a pleasant demeanor. If you notice, every phrase in this greeting is pertinent enough to bring about unification and love between the two and to remove any alienation or separation between them.

Thus the greeting of peace is the right of the Muslim and it is an obligation upon the Muslim whom it is conveyed to that he return the greeting with one similar to it or better than it.

“When you meet him, give him the greetings of Salam (i.e. As Salamu alaikum),

and if he invites you, respond to his invite,  and when he seeking your advice then advise him,

and when he sneezes and then says “All praise is for Allah” (i.e. Alhamdulillah) then say to him: “May Allah have mercy on you!” (i.e. Yarhamukallah)  and when he is sick then you should visit him and when he dies you should be part of funeral rites.” {Saheeh Muslim}

First: “When you meet him, send the salutation of peace upon him (i.e. As Salamu alaikum)…”

“I swear by the One who hands my soul is in! None of you will enter into paradise until you believe and you will not truly believe until you love one another. Shall I not direct you to an action that, if you perform it, will cause you to love one another? Spread the greeting of peace between yourselves.” {collected in Sunan Abu Dawud}

This greeting is one of the beauties of the religion of Islam and it signifies that when two Muslims meet one another, one of them supplicates for the other to be protected from every evil and for him to be showered with mercy and for him to be blessed with every form of good. And he should follow this up with a pleasant demeanor. If you notice, every phrase in this greeting is pertinent enough to bring about unification and love between the two and to remove any alienation or separation between them.

Thus the greeting of peace is the right of the Muslim and it is an obligation upon the Muslim whom it is conveyed to that he returns the greeting with one similar to it or better than it, as Allah says:

“When a greeting is offered to you then return it with one like it or better than it…” (4:86)

And the better of the two, is the one who initiates the greeting first.

Second: “If he invites you, then you should respond to his invite…” If he invites you for food and drink then you should make your brother feel at ease seeing as though he is the one who extended himself to you and was generous enough invite you, so the least you can to do is to respond to his invite, except in the case where you have an excuse.

Third: “If he seeks your advice then you should advise him….” Meaning, if he wants to participate in any action, and wants to know whether he should go forward with it or not, then you should advise him with the same advice that you would value for yourself. If the act is actually beneficial from all angles you should encourage him to go forward with it, however, if the act appears to be detrimental, caution him against it. But if the act is inclusive of both benefit and detriment, explain this to him and measure the pros and cons of the situation accordingly.

Similarly, if he seeks your advice in relation to working with a particular individual or to marry him to his daughter or to marry someone from his family, then you should give him your most sincere advice and the same opinion that you would value for yourself. And be aware of deceiving him in any of these matters, as the Prophet (Sallahu alaihi wa salam) said: “Whoever deceives us is not from amongst us.” {collected in Saheeh Muslim}

And if in fact he does deceive his brother Muslim by offering advice to him that he wouldn’t value for himself then he has abandoned the religious obligation of sincere advice. And although advice is an absolute obligation, it becomes even more emphasized when the individual actually asks for it or requests your honest opinion.

The Fourth: “If he sneezes and says: “All praise is for Allah (i.e. Alhamdulilah) then you should say: “May Allah have mercy on you (i.e. Yarhamukallah)…” This is because sneezing is a blessing from Allah. Allah allows this air, which has accumulated in the body of the individual, to be released with ease so that the sneezing person can loosen up.

Therefore it is legislated for him to praise Allah for this blessing and it is legislated for his brother Muslim to say to him “May Allah have mercy on you” and it is obligatory for the Muslim to reply with “May Allah guide you and rectify your affair!” And he who sneezes and does not praise Allah is not deserving of this supplication and he has no one to blame except himself. For he was the one who forfeited these two blessings from himself; the blessing of praising Allah and the blessing of the du’a (i.e. supplication) of his brother for him, which is a direct result of him praising Allah.

Fifth: “When he gets sick, you should visit him…” Visiting the sick is one of the rights of the Muslim, especially if he is someone whose right over you is emphasized, like a relative or a close companion or others with a similar closeness to you. This is also one of the greatest righteous deeds that an individual can perform, as the Prophet (Sallahu alaihi wa salam) said: “Whoever visits his sick brother will continue moving towards Allah’s mercy until he sits next to him, and when he sits next to him, he will be emerged in it (i.e. Allah’s mercy).” {Collected in Sunan Ibn Majah}

The Prophet also said:  “There is no Muslim who visits his brother Muslim in the morning except that seventy thousand angels supplicate for forgiveness for him until nightfall and he will be given a garden in paradise. And if he visits him at night seventy thousand angels supplicate for forgiveness for him until morning and will be given a garden in paradise.” {Collected in Sunan At Tirmithi}

It is also appropriate for the one visiting his brother to supplicate for him to get better and try to remove any difficulty or hardship from him and to ease his mind by giving him glad tidings of good health and to remind him about his responsibility of repenting to Allah and to return back to His obedience with the best possible advice in the best manner. He should also take care not to sit with him for a long period of time , rather he should only sit with him as one would normally sit while visiting the sick unless sitting with him and occasionally visiting him has a positive effect on him and his progression, as there is a time and place for everything.

Sixth: “When he dies, you should follow his funeral procession.” For the one who follows the funeral procession until the prayer is performed over the deceased then he will be rewarded with a Qiraat and if he follows the procession until the deceased is buried then he will be rewarded with two Qiraat, as the Prophet (Sallahu alaihi wa salam) said: “Whoever follows the funeral procession until the prayer is performed over him, he will be given a Qiraat and whoever follows the funeral procession until the deceased is buried, he will be given two Qiraat.” {Collected in Saheeh Muslim}

It was said: “And what are two Qiraat? So it was said: “The likeness of two tremendous mountains!”

Following the funeral procession is the right of Allah, the right of the deceased as well as the right of the living relatives of the deceased.

Source: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2019/03/your-rights-duties-to-another-muslim/


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